In Unlikely Collaboration: Gertrude Stein, Bernard Faÿ, and the Vichy Dilemma (Columbia University Press, 2011), Barbara Will examines a relationship not unlike Christopher Newman’s with Urbain de Bellegarde in Henry James’s The American.
If there was no identity no one could be governed. — Gertrude Stein, “What Are Master-Pieces?” (1935)
Now there is no opposition to anything being together. — Gertrude Stein, Listen To Me (1936)